Factsheet S20: Ginseng – Panax spp.
American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) is highly valued as a substitute for Oriental ginseng (Panax ginseng) by the Chinese, and the former is harvested both wild and cultivated in the USA and Canada. For several generations of people in the Appalachian mountain region, digging sang has been an enjoyable and profitable activity. Nearly all of the ginseng harvested in North America is exported to oriental countries for sale: about 1800 tonnes (4,000,000 lb) of cultivated and wild ginseng was exported in 1994. It is also cultivated in France.