Factsheet P01: Fireblight
Fireblight is a bacterial disease of plants in the sub-family Pomoideae of the family Rosaceae (ie plants with apple-like fruits), caused by Erwinia amylovora. Known about in North America for 200 years, it as since spread via infected material to many other parts of the world, including Central America, the near east and New Zealand; it continues to spread. It was discovered in Kent in 1957 and in now widespread in Europe. Quarantine regulations continue be imposed and have, for example, kept the disease out of Australia to date.