Seeds

Seeds

To pre-order nut seed please go here: Nut seed order form

Browse seeds alphabetically by Latin name:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

(for common name to Latin name list, see below)

We can send seeds anywhere as long as there are no import restrictions and that no phytosanitory certificate is needed – please make sure you are allowed to import the seeds you are ordering:

We can send seed orders to Canada, excluding Berberis, Mahonia, Prunus and Rhamnus seeds. Click here to see the import regulations for plants for Canada.

We can send seed orders to Australia and New Zealand, but note that both have strict quarantine requirements and may exclude some species (see www.aqis.gov.au and http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/regs/imports/plants/seeds).

  • Allium ramosum
  • Angelica dahurica
  • Anthyllis vulneraria
  • Astragalus mongholicus
  • Barbarea vulgaris
  • Caltha palustris
  • Cichorium intybus var.intybus
  • Coronilla varia
  • Galega officinalis
  • Galium album
  • Lamium purpureum
  • Lathyrus maritimus
  • Lathyrus pratensis
  • Lotus pedunculatus
  • Medicago lupulina
  • Melilotus officinalis
  • Monarda fistulosa
  • Oenothera biennis
  • Onobrychis viciifolia
  • Plantago coronopis Minutina
  • Polygonatum multiflorum
  • Sanguisorba officinalis
  • Silene vulgaris
  • Solidago virgaurea
  • Symphytum officinale
  • Trifolium dubium
  • Trifolium hybridum
  • Trifolium pratense
  • Trifolium repens
  • Vicia sativa
  • Vicia sylvatica
  • Viola tricolor

Trees

 

Shrubs

  

Perennials

  

Alnus cordata

Gymnocladus dioica

Alnus viridis

Elaeagnus multiflora

Shepherdia argentea

Anthyllis vulneraria

Lotus corniculatus

Trifolium repens

Alnus glutinosa

Hippophae rhamnoides

Amorpha fruticosa

Elaeagnus umbellata

Shepherdia canadensis

Astragalus glycyphyllos

Lotus pedunculatus

Vicia sativa ssp nigra

Alnus incana

Hippophae salicifolia

Caragana arborescens

Genista tinctoria

Spartium junceum

Astragalus mongholicus

Lupinus perennis

Vicia sylvatica

Alnus rubra

Laburnum anagyroides

Ceanothus sanguineus

Lespedeza bicolor

Ulex europaeus

Coronilla varia

Medicago lupulina

 

Alnus sinuata

Maackia amurensis

Cercis occidentalis

Lupinus arboreus

Wisteria sinensis

Galega officinalis

Melilotus officinalis

 

Ceratonia siliqua

Sophora japonica

Colutea arborescens

Myrica californica

 

Glycyrrhiza echinata

Onobrychis viciifolia

 

Cercis canadensis

 

Coronilla emerus

Myrica cerifera

 

Glycyrrhiza glabra

Trifolium dubium

 

Cladrastis lutea

 

Cytisus scoparius

Myrica pensylvanica

 

Lathyrus maritimus

Trifolium hybridum

 

Gleditsia triacanthos

 

Elaeagnus angustifolia

Myrica rubra

 

Lathyrus pratensis

Trifolium pratense

 

 

Acanthus mollis

Claytonia sibirica

Hypericum calycinum

Mentha suaveolens

Smilacina racemosa

Trifolium repens

Achillea millefolium

Cornus canadensis

Lamium purpureum

Onobrychis viciifolia

Symphytum officinale

Viola odorata

Alchemilla mollis

Coronilla varia

Lotus corniculatus

Origanum vulgare

Thalictrum minus

 

Asperula odorata

Duchesnea indica

Lotus pedunculatus

Polygonatum odoratum

Thymus serpyllum

 

Calamintha nepeta

Fragaria vesca

Medicago lupulina

Pulmonaria officinale

Thymus vulgaris

 

Calluna vulgaris

Gaultheria shallon

Melissa officinalis

Sanicula europaea

Tiarella cordifolia

 

Campanula latifolia

Hemerocallis minor

Mentha longifolia

Saponaria officinalis

Trifolium dubium

 

Campanula rapunculoides

Herniaria glabra

Mentha piperita

Sedum rupestre

Trifolium hybridum

 

Centranthus ruber

Hypericum androsaemum

Mentha spicata

Sedum telephium

Trifolium pratense

 

 

Many species are dioecious in nature, meaning that male and female flowers occur on different plants, and fruits form only on female plants. Growing these species from seed is an ideal way of ensuring that a mixture of male and female plants is obtained; if possible, grow on at least 4 or 5 plants to give yourself a good chance of having at least one male. Excess male plants can always be weeded out once it becomes clear what sex the plants are.

Details given for seeds in the tables below have a code for the recommended seed treatment prior to sowing:

Recommended seed treatments

Stratification of seeds involves mixing the seed with a moist medium and keeping warm and/or cold for a certain time before sowing. We recommend mixing seeds with moist (not wet) silver sand, using 4 parts or more sand to one of seeds; the mix should be placed in a plastic bag which can be sealed and re-opened. Label the bag well! Warm stratification means keeping the seed/sand mix at about room temperature, 60-70°F or 15-21°C; cold means keeping the mix at about 40°F (5°C) – a domestic fridge is ideal for small quantities. When cold stratifying over winter, seed/sand mixes can be placed outside in a rodent/bird-proof container (eg. a plastic dustbin). Whenever stratifying seed, check every week or two to see if germination is starting. When it does you will see white roots start to emerge from seeds, and if this happens then the seeds should be sown immediately. If this isn’t possible, keep the mix at a temperature just above freezing until you can sow.

Scarification of seeds involves softening the hard seed coat in some way to allow water to be imbibed into the seed. The simplest way of achieving this is to give the seeds a hot water soak, putting them into water at about 190°F (88°C) and allowing them to stand for several hours while the water cools. Alternatively, the seeds can be physically rubbed, eg. between two sheets of fine sandpaper – take care not to rub too much.

Dewaxing – some seeds are covered in a layer of wax (notably Myrica species) which stops the seeds imbibing water and germinating. This must be removed before stratification or sowing – the best way to do this is to rub the seeds between two sheets of coarse sandpaper (do it for periods of a few seconds at a time, then check the seeds – you only want to get rid of the wax and not damage the seeds!)

Seeds which take a long time to germinate are best sown in seed trays or pots, and covered with sand rather than compost. Very small seeds should be sown on the surface of the compost and the tray/pot kept moist by enclosing it in a plastic bag. Finally, don’t give up if seeds don’t germinate, or only a few germinate, in the first year – many seeds spread out their germination over more than one year. If the seeds are large enough, you can check their viability by cutting one in half – the seed embryo inside should be white and solid, and not soft or watery.

After the description of each species, codes are given for the recommended treatment to promote good germination. (Note that using these treatments does not guarantee germination. Seed lots vary in their requirements and these are a general guide only.) The codes used are:

  • ND Not dormant, sow in spring.
  • SI Not dormant, but must be sown immediately.
  • SC Scarify and sow in spring.
  • CS Cold stratify. Followed by a number of weeks, eg CS 13 = cold stratify 13 weeks (3 months).
  • WS Warm stratify. Followed by a number of weeks, eg WS 6 = warm stratify 6 weeks.

Warm stratification can sometimes be followed by cold stratification, eg. WS 13 + CS 13 means 13 weeks warm first then 13 weeks cold stratification.

Example: Assuming an intended sowing date of April 1st, then 4 weeks of stratification should start on 4th March, 6 weeks on 17th February, 8 weeks on 3rd February, 13 weeks on 1st January, 16 weeks on 10th December, 20 weeks on 12th November, 26 weeks on 1st October, etc. If you have trouble counting the weeks backwards there is a handy date calculator at http://www.timeanddate.com/date/dateadd.html

Common name

Latin name

Abscess root

Polemonium reptans

Alexanders

Smyrnium olusatrum

Alsike clover

Trifolium hybridum

American arbor-vitae

Thuja occidentalis

American persimmon

Diospyros virginiana

Amur cork tree

Phellodendron amurense

Angelica

Angelica archangelica

Anise hyssop

Agastache foeniculum

Apple mint

Mentha suaveolens

Apple serviceberry

Amelanchier lamarckii

Arolla pine

Pinus cembra

Atlas cedar

Cedrus atlantica

Austrian pine

Pinus nigra austriaca

Autumn olive

Elaeagnus umbellata

B;ood dock

Rumex sangineus

Babington leek

Allium babingtonii

Ballhead onion

Allium senescens

Balsam fir

Abies balsamea

Barberry

Berberis vulgaris

Beach pea

Lathyrus maritimus

Bear’s breeches

Acanthus mollis

Bearberry

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Bentham’s cornel

Cornus capitata

Bilberry

Vaccinium myrtillus

Bird’s foot trefoil

Lotus corniculatus

Black cherry

Prunus serotina

Black chokeberry

Aronia melanocarpa

Black locust

Robinia pseudoacacia

Black mulberry

Morus nigra

Bladder campion

Silene vulgaris

Bladder nut

Staphylea pinnata

Bladder senna

Colutea arborescens

Bloodroot

Sanguinaria canadensis

Blue bean

Decaisnea fargesii

Blue passion flower

Passiflora caerulea

Boneset

Eupatorium perforatum

Box

Buxus sempervirens

Broad-leaved lavender

Lavandula latifolia

Broom

Cytisus scoparius

Bucks horn plantain

Plantago coronopus Minutina

Buffalo berry

Shepherdia argentea

Burnet saxifrage

Pimpinella saxifaga

Bush clover

Lespedeza bicolor

Butcher’s broom

Ruscus aculeatus

Butterfly weed

Asclepias tuberosa

Calamint savory

Calamintha nepeta

California redbud

Cercis occidentalis

Californian wax myrtle

Myrica californica

Cardoon

Cynara cardunculus

Carob

Ceratonia siliqua

Carolina allspice

Calycanthus floridus

Cathay Quince

Chaenomeles cathayensis

Chaste tree

Vitex agnus-castus

Cherry plum

Prunus cerasifera

Chicory

Cichorium intybus

Chinese angelica

Angelica dahurica

Chinese angelica tree

Aralia chinensis

Chinese cedar

Toona sinensis

Chinese chives

Allium ramosum

Chinese date

Zizyphus jujube

Chinese dogwood

Cornus kousa chinensis

Chinese lantern

Physalis alkekengi

Chinese mallow

Malva verticillata Crispa

Chinese milk vetch

Astragalus mongholicus

Chinese plum yew

Cephalotaxus fortunei

Chinese white pine

Pinus armandii

Chinese wisteria

Wisteria sinensis

Chives

Allium schoenoprasum

Chocolate vine

Akebia quinata

Coast redwood

Sequioa sempervirens

Colewort

Crambe cordifolia

Columbine

Aquilegia vulgaris

Comfrey

Symphytum officinale

Common mallow

Malva sylvestris

Common milkweed

Asclepias syriaca

Common or European alder

Alnus glutinosa

Common vetch

Vicia sativa spp nigra

Cornelian cherry

Cornus mas

Corsican pine

Pinus nigra corsicana

Cow parsley

Anthriscus sylvestris

Creeping bellflower

Campanula rapunculoides

Creeping dogwood

Cornus canadensis

Creeping Oregon grape

Mahonia repens

Crown vetch

Coronilla varia

Daffodil garlic

Allium neapolitanum

Darwin’s barberry

Berberis darwinii

Date plum

Diospyros lotus

Dawn redwood

Metasequoia glyptostroboides

Douglas fir

Pseudotsuga menziesii

Downy Birch

Betula pubescens

Dwarf quince

Chaenomeles japonica

Dwarf Siberian pine

Pinus pumila

Dyer’s greenweed

Genista tinctoria

Eastern red cedar

Juniperus virginiana

Elderberry

Sambucus nigra

Empress tree

Paulownia tomentosa

European goldenrod

Solidago virgaurea

European Hackberry

Celtis australis

Evening primrose

Oenothera biennis

False indigo

Amorpha fruticosa

False spikenard

Smilacina racemosa

False strawberry

Duchesnea indica

Fennel

Foeniculum vulgare

Feverfew

Tanacetum parthenium

Field eryngo

Eryngium campestre

Garlic chives

Allium tuberosum

Garlic mustard

Alliaria petiolata

Giant bellflower

Campanula latifolia

Globe artichoke

Cynara scolymus

Goat’s rue

Galega officinalis

Goji

Lycium barbarum

Golden chain

Laburnum anagyroides

Golden garlic

Allium moly

Golden rain tree

Koelreuteria paniculata

Good king Henry

Chenopodium bonus-henricus

Gorse

Ulex europaeus

Goumi

Elaeagnus multiflora

Grand fir

Abies grandis

Grassleaf daylily

Hemerocallis minor

Great bulrush

Scirpus lacustris

Great burnet

Sanguisorba officinalis

Greater Bird’s foot trefoil

Lotus pedunculatus

Green alder

Alnus viridis

Grey alder

Alnus incana

Guelder rose

Viburnum opulus

Hard rush

Juncus inflexus

Hardy Kiwi

Actinidia arguta

Hawthorn

Crataegus monogyna

Heather

Calluna vulgaris

Hedge bedstraw

Galium album

Highbush cranberry

Viburnum trilobum

Hoarhound

Marrubium vulgare

Holly

Ilex aquifolium

Hollyhock mallow

Malva alcea

Honey locust

Gleditsia triacanthos

Hop hornbeam

Ostrya carpinifolia

Horsemint

Mentha longifolia

Hosta

Hosta sieboldiana elegans

Hyssop

Hyssopus officinalis

Indian barberry

Berberis lycium

Italian Alder

Alnus cordata

Jacob’s ladder

Polemonium caeruleum

Japanese cornelian cherry

Cornus officinalis

Japanese ivy

Parthenocissus tricuspidata

Japanese pagoda tree

Sophora japonica

Japanese plum yew

Cephalotaxus harringtonia

Japanese raisin tree

Hovenia dulcis

Jenny stonecrop

Sedum rupestre

Judas tree

Cercis siliquastrum

Juniper

Juniperus communis

Katsura tree

Cercidiphyllum japonicum

Keeled garlic

Allium carinatum pulchellum

Kidney vetch

Anthyllis vulneraria

Korean mint

Agastache rugosa

Korean nut pine

Pinus koraiensis

Lady’s bedstraw

Galium verum

Lady’s mantle

Alchemilla mollis

Larch

Larix decidua

Large leaved lime

Tilia platyphyllos

Lavender

Lavandula angustifolia

Lemon balm

Melissa officinalis

Lemon bergamot

Monarda citriodora

Lemon daylily

Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus

Lesser trefoil

Trifolium dubium

Liquorice

Glycyrrhiza glabra

London plane

Platanus acerifolia

Lovage

Levisticum officinale

Lungwort

Pulmonaria officinale

Magellan barberry

Berberis buxifolia

Magnolia vine

Schisandra chinensis

Manchurian gooseberry

Actinidia kolomikta

Marigold

Calendula officinalis

Maritime pine

Pinus pinaster

Marjoram

Origanum majorana

Marsh mallow

Althaea officinalis

Marsh marigold

Caltha palustris

Maximilian sunflower

Helianthus maximiliani

Meadow vetchling

Lathyrus pratensis

Meadowsweet

Filipendula ulmaria

Medicinal rhubarb

Rheum officinale

Mediterranean salt bush

Atriplex halimus

Midland hawthorn

Crataegus oxycantha

Milk vetch

Astragalus glycyphyllos

Mitsuba

Cryptotaenia japonica

Monterey cypress

Cupressus macrocarpa

Monterey pine

Pinus radiata

Mormon tea

Ephedra nevadensis

Motherwort

Leonurus cardiaca

Mountain flax

Phormium colensoi

Mountain mint

Pycnanthemum pilosum

Mountain sorrel

Oxyria digyna

Mugwort

Artemisia vulgaris

Musk mallow

Malva moschata

Myrtle

Myrtus communis

Nepal pepper

Zanthoxylum alatum

New Zealand flax

Phormium tenax

Noble fir

Abies nobilis

Northern bayberry

Myrica pensylvanica

Old man’s beard

Clematis vitalba

Oregon grape

Mahonia aquifolium

Oregon grape

Mahonia nervosa

Oregon tea

Ceanothus sanguineus

Oriental persimmon

Diospyros kaki

Orpine

Sedum telephium

Osage orange

Maclura pomifera

Pacific fir

Abies amabilis

Paper birch

Betula papyrifera

Paper mulberry

Broussonetia papyrifera

Pawpaw

Asimina triloba

Pennyroyal

Mentha pulegium

Peppermint

Mentha piperita

Perennial rye

Secale montanum x

Perennial wall rocket

Diplotaxis tenuifolia

Pineapple guava

Acca sellowiana

Pokeweed

Phytolacca americana

Portuguese cherry laurel

Prunus lusitanica

Pot marjoram

Origanum vulgare

Purple coneflower

Echinacea purpurea

Purple passion fruit

Passiflora edulis

Quamash

Camassia quamash

Ramanas rose

Rosa rugosa

Rampion

Campanula rapunculus

Ramsons, wild garlic

Allium ursinum

Red alder

Alnus rubra

Red berried elder

Sambucus racemosa

Red clover

Trifolium pratense

Red dead-nettle

Lamium purpureum

Red haw

Crataegus mollis

Red valerian

Centranthus ruber

Redbud

Cercis canadensis

Reed

Phragmites australis

Ribwort plantain

Plantago lanceolata

Rock Cress

Barbarea vulgaris

Roman chamomile

Chamaemelum nobile

Rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis

Round headed garlic

Allium sphaerocephalum

Rowan, Mountain ash

Sorbus aucuparia

Rue

Ruta graveolens

Rupturewort

Herniaria glabra

Russet buffalo berry

Shepherdia canadensis

Russian liquorice

Glycyrrhiza echinata

Russian mulberry

Morus alba tatarica

Russian olive

Elaeagnus angustifolia

Sage

Salvia officinalis

Sainfoin

Onobrychis viciifolia

Salad burnet

Sanguisorba minor

Saltbush

Atriplex canescens

Saskatoon

Amelanchier alnifolia

Sassafras

Sassafras albidum

Scorpion senna

Coronilla emerus

Scots pine

Pinus sylvestris

Sea beet

Beta vulgaris maritima

Sea buckthorn

Hippophae rhamnoides

Self heal

Prunella vulgaris

Service tree

Sorbus domestica

Serviceberry

Amelanchier canadensis

Shallon

Gaultheria shallon

Showy milkweed

Asclepias speciosa

Siberian elm

Ulmus pumila

Siberian ginseng

Acanthopanax senticosus

Siberian pea shrub

Caragana arborescens

Siberian purslane

Claytonia sibirica

Silver birch

Betula pendula

Silver lime

Tilia tomentosa

Sitka alder

Alnus sinuata

Small leaved lime

Tilia cordata

Smooth kiwi

Actinidia chinensis

Smooth sumach

Rhus glabra

Snowbell tree

Halesia carolina

Soapwort

Saponaria officinalis

Solomon’s Seal

Polygonatum odoratum

Solomon’s seal

Polygonatum multiflorum

Sorrel

Rumex acetosa Large leaved

Spanish bayonet

Yucca baccata

Spanish broom

Spartium junceum

Spearmint

Mentha spicata

Spice bush, Wild allspice

Lindera benzoin

St John’s wort

Hypericum perforatum

St Lucie cherry

Prunus mahaleb

Staghorn sumach

Rhus typhina

Stone pine

Pinus pinea

Strawberry tree

Arbutus unedo

Sugar maple

Acer saccharum

Swamp cypress

Taxodium distichum

Swedish whitebeam

Sorbus intermedia

Sweet bergamot

Monarda didyma

Sweet birch

Betula lenta

Sweet briar

Rosa rubiginosa

Sweet Cicily

Myrrhis Odorata

Sweet clover

Melilotus officinalis

Sweet gum

Liquidambar styraciflua

Sweet violet

Viola odorata

Sweet woodruff

Asperula odorata

Syrian haw

Crataegus tanacetifolia

Szechuan pepper

Zanthoxylum schinifolium

Tansy

Tanacetum vulgare

Tarragon

Artemisia dracunculus

Three leaf akebia

Akebia trifoliata

Thyme

Thymus vulgaris

Tree lupin

Lupinus arboreus

Trefoil

Medicago lupulina

Trifoliate orange

Poncirus trifoliata

Tulip tree

Liriodendron tulipifera

Turkish rhubarb

Rheum palmatum

Turkish rocket

Bunias orientalis

Tutsan

Hypericum androsaemum

Valerian

Valeriana officinalis

Virginia creeper

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Water mint

Mentha aquatica

Watercress

Nasturtium officinale

Wax myrtle

Myrica cerifera

Wellingtonia

Sequioadendron giganteum

Welsh onion

Allium fistulosum

Western hemlock

Tsuga heterophylla

Western red cedar

Thuja plicata

White clover

Trifolium repens

White lupin

Lupinus albus Dieta

White mulberry

Morus alba

Whitebeam

Sorbus aria

Wild bergamot

Monarda fistulosa

Wild lupin

Lupinus perennis

Wild pansy

Viola tricolor

Wild pear

Pyrus communis

Wild quinine

Parthenium integrifolium

Wild service tree

Sorbus torminalis

Wild strawberry

Fragaria vesca

Wild thyme

Thymus serpyllum

Willow-leaved sea buckthorn

Hippophae salicifolia

Wilson’s barberry

Berberis wilsonii

Winter’s bark

Drimys winterii

Wintersweet

Chimonanthus praecox

Witch hazel

Hamamelis virginiana

Wood sanicle

Sanicula europaea

Wood vetch

Vicia sylvatica

Wych elm

Ulmus glabra

Yarrow

Achillea millefolium

Yellow gentian

Gentiana lutea

Yellow wood

Cladrastis lutea

Yew

Taxus baccata

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