Fact Sheets

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F27 Acca (Feijoa) sellowiana – Pineapple guava. (V9/3).
F06 Actinidia arguta – Hardy kiwi. (V1/4).
F30 Akebia – chocolate vines. (V10/1).
F05 Amelanchier spp. – Juneberries. (V1/3).
F11 Arbutus unedo – Strawberry tree. (V3/4).
F34 Arctostaphylos – the manzanitas (V11/1).
F36 Aronia – the chokeberries. (V11/2).
F08 Asimina triloba – Pawpaw. (V2/2).
F23 Blueberries. (V8/1).
F09 Cephalotaxus spp. – Plum yews. (V2/4).
F40 Chaenomeles – Oriental quinces (V12/4).
F14 Citrus and citrange, hardy. (V5/1).
F18 Cornelian cherry – Cornus mas. (V6/2).
F22 Cornus species of use. (V7/4).
F29 Crab apples. (V9/2).
F28 Cranberries. (V9/2).
F25 Cudrania tricuspidata – Chinese mulberry (V8/4).
F31 Decaisnea fargesii – Blue bean. (V10/2).
F15 Diospyros kaki – the kaki persimmon. (V5/2).
F13 Diospyros lotus – the date plum. (V4/4).
F12 Diospyros virginiana – American persimmon. (V4/3).
F16 Elder – Sambucus species. (V6/2).
F20 Figs. (V6/3).
F24 Grapes. (V8/3).
F21 Hawthorns – edible (Crataegus spp.). (V7/3).
F07 Hippophae rhamnoides – sea buckthorn. (V2/1).
F33 Japanese wineberry. (V10/4).
F39 Lonicera caerulea – blue honeysuckle (V12/4).
F38 Loquats (V12/3).
F03 Mahonia spp. – Oregon grape (V1/2).
F01 Medlars. (V1/1).
F02 Mulberries. (V1/2).
F10 Poncirus trifoliata. (V3/3).
F32 Pseudocydonia sinensis – Chinese quince. (V10/3).
F17 Quince – Cydonia oblonga. (V6/2).
F37 Rhubarb (V11/4).
F35 Ribes – the currant & gooseberry family. (V11/1).
F19 Sorbus domestica. (V6/2).
F04 Sorbus torminalis – Wild service tree. (V1/2).
F41 Vaccinium – the blueberry family. (V13/1).
F26 Ziziphus jujube – Jujube. (V9/1).

Useful Plants

S32 Alliums. (V10/2).
S02 Alnus glutinosa – Alder. (V1/1).
S25 Alnus rubra – Red alder. (V8/1).
S37 Asclepias – the milkweeds.
S30 Basketry plants. (V10/1).
S22 Basketry willows. (V6/1).
S11 Berberis spp. – Barberries. (V3/2).
S05 Betula pendula – Silver birch. (V2/1).
S41 Calycanthus – American allspice. (V11/3).
S27 Caragana arborescens – Siberian pea tree. (V8/4).
S42 Carpobrotus edulis – Hottentot fig. (V11/4).
S38 Cork & cork oaks. (V11/2).
S07 Edible tree saps. (V2/3).
S17 Elaeagnus species. (V4/3).
S33 Eleutherococcus senticosus – Siberian ginseng. (V10/2).
S47 Fibre sources from bark. (V13/3).
S31 Fragaria: Strawberry species. (V10/2).
S19 Fraxinus excelsior – Ash. (V5/2).
S06 Gaultheria species. (V2/2).
S14 Gleditsia triacanthos – Honey locust. (V3/4).
S24 Hovenia dulcis – Japanese raisin tree. (V8/1).
S03 Juniper. (V1/3).
S34 Juniperus: The junipers. (V10/3).
S46 Lime bast cordage. (V13/3).
S44 Metasequioa glyptostroboides – dawn redwood (V12/4).
S18 Mycorrhizas. (V4/4).
S21 Myrica species – Bayberries. (V6/1).
S20 Panax spp. – Ginseng. (V5/3).
S12 Phormium tenax – New Zealand flax. (V3/2).
S28 Populus: The poplars (V 8/4).
S40 Pueraria lobata – Kudzu. (V11/3).
S26 Rhus species – the Sumachs. (V8/2).
S08 Robinia pseudoacacia – Black locust. (V2/3).
S39 Sequioa: The North American Redwoods (V11/2).
S16 Soap plants. (V4/3).
S13 Sorbus aucuparia – Rowan. (V3/2).
S35 Strawberries. (V10/3).
S10 Sycamore. (V3/1).
S43 Taxus – the yews (V12/2).
S15 Taxus baccata – Yew. (V4/2).
S04 Tilia cordata – Small leaved lime. (V1/4).
S23 Tilia platyphyllos – Large leaved lime. (V6/2).
S09 Ulmus glabra – Wych elm. (V2/4).
S45 Urtica dioica – the nettle. (V13/3).
S36 Viburnums. (V10/4).
S29 Vitex agnus castus – Chaste tree. (V9/2).
S01 Zanthoxylum spp. – temperate pepper trees. (V1/1).

Showing 1–12 of 159 products

  • Factsheet F01: Medlars


    The medlar, Mespilus germanica (family Rosaceae) has been cultivated for its fruit in orchards throughout Europe for many centuries. References to it exist from ancient Greece and Rome, and records in England refer to it being cultivated in 1270.

  • Factsheet F02: Mulberries


    The mulberries ( Morus species ) are a group of temperate and subtropical trees and shrubs, best known for their sweet edible fruit. They have many other uses, though, including silkworm fodder, sources of rubber and fibres, medicinal uses, and the valuable timber.

  • Factsheet F03: Oregon grape – Mahonia spp.


    The name 'Oregon Grape' is used for three species of Mahonia (order Berberidaceae): M.Aquifolium (most common usage), M.Nervosa, M.Repens. All three have good potential as useful agroforestry species, being tolerant of shade and suitable as an understorey crop and ground cover beneath trees.

  • Factsheet F04: Wild service tree – Sorbus torminalis


    The wild service tree is a deciduous tree with ascending branches and a conical habit when young, becoming domed with age. It can vary in form from a suckering shrub to a large tree of up to 22 m (72 ft) high, but is usually seen as a small tree of 10-13 m (30-40 ft). Maximum diameter at breast height is some 0.9 m (3 ft).
    The natural range is from north Africa and south west Asia through Europe to Britain; in Britain it is only naturalised south of Cumbria, and only common in the extreme south east.

  • Factsheet F05: Juneberries – Amelanchier spp.


    The Amelanchier family (order Rosaceae) is a group of some 25 deciduous shrubs or small trees, most originating from North America. They are known by a large number of common names, including Serviceberry, Juneberry, Snowy mespilus, Shadblow, Sarvis, Sarvisberry, Maycherry, Shadbush, Shadberry, Shadblossom, Shadflower, Sugar Pear, Wild Pear, Lancewood, Boxwood, Canadian Medlar and Saskatoon.

  • Factsheet F06: Hardy kiwi – Actinidia arguta


    The hardy kiwi, native to northern China, Siberia and Japan, is an extremely vigorous, deciduous twining climbing vine, reaching the tops of large trees in its native range, and known to climb 15 m (50 ft) in cultivation. It is very hardy, to between zones 4-6 (depending on cultivar), long lived and is shallow rooting. Growth of shoots is in the regions of 2-4 m (6-12 ft) per year.

  • Factsheet F07: Hippophae rhamnoides – sea buckthorn


    The common sea buckthorn (sea berry, sallow thorn, sandhorn), Hippophaë rhamnoides, is often grown as a garden shrub but rarely as a culinary or medicinal plant, the fruits often described in Britain as 'sour and inedible'; however, in many parts of Europe and Asia it is highly valued for its fruit which is very high in nutrients and is processed into foods much in the same way as sloes are in Britain.

  • Factsheet F08: Pawpaw – Asimina triloba


    The pawpaw, Asimina triloba, is the largest fruit native to the U.S. It should not be confused with the tropical pawpaw or papaya, Carica papaya. A.triloba is distributed over most of the eastern United States and into South-eastern Canada, often found in the understorey beneath beech and maple trees.
    The genus Asimina is the only temperate climate representative of the tropical family Annonaceae, which includes the custard apple, soursop and cherimoya.
    Asimina triloba (synonyms: Annona pendula, Annona triloba, Asimina glabra, Orchidocarpum areitinum, Porcelia triloba, Uvaria triloba) has numerous common names: pawpaw is sometimes spelt papaw or paw-paw; other names used include Michigan Banana, Indiana Banana, Kentucky Banana (etc – wherever it is found + banana); the Northern Pawpaw, False Banana, Stubby Banana, Poor man's Banana, Dog Apple and Custard Banana. The references to bananas stem from both the appearance of small bunches of fruit, and from the fruit taste.

  • Factsheet F09: Plum yews – Cephalotaxus spp.


    The plum yews (Cephalotaxus species) are a genus of evergreen trees and shrubs, originating in Eastern Asia from the Himalayas to China, Japan and Korea. All species appear rather like yews, but with larger (usually longer) needles. Like yews, the plum yews are shade-tolerant (being woodland understorey plants) and dioecious, with male and female flowers on different plants, and with fruit borne only on female plants. The hardier species perform very well in moist temperate areas and are valuable for hedging, ground cover, fruits (edible from some species) and the medicinal compounds in their leaves. This article deals with the species which are hardy in temperate climates – several species are tender or only hardy to zone 9 and these are not described.

  • Factsheet F10: Poncirus trifoliata


    Poncirus trifoliata is closely related to the Citrus family, but unlike them is deciduous and hardy in temperate climates. It is native to Northern China and Korea; and common in Japan through cultivation. Its fruits look like small oranges or lemons, and are (despite gardening books alternative views) edible when suitably prepared. Common names include Trifoliate Orange, Bitter Orange, Hardy Orange, Japanese Bitter Orange, Japanese bitter lemon, Fuzzy lemon. Synonyms (only the first common) are Citrus trifoliata and Aegle sepiaria.

  • Factsheet F11: Strawberry tree – Arbutus unedo


    The strawberry tree is usually planted as an ornamental evergreen shrub, being very beautiful in the late autumn and early winter when the fruits ripen and flowering occurs; it also has ornamental bark. It is named because of the fruit's resemblance to strawberries (another common name is 'cane apples'), though it is not nearly so palatable.

  • Factsheet F12: Diospyros virginiana – American persimmon


    One of the few hardy members of the ebony family, the American persimmon is a tree well known in North America, and which deserves to be better known in Europe. Not only does it produce large crops of edible fruits with very little attention, but it also has valuable timber and bears flowers which produce good bee forage.
    The persimmon is native to the Eastern United States from Florida to Connecticut, and its culture has been extended to southern Canada and westwards to Oregon in the northwest. It is so prolific in parts of America that it is sometimes considered a weed on account of its suckering habit.