(S) Useful Plants

These are supplied as pdf’s to download.

Quick Alphabetical Navigation:

S32 Alliums. (V10/2).
S02 Alnus glutinosa – Alder. (V1/1).
S25 Alnus rubra – Red alder. (V8/1).
S37 Asclepias – the milkweeds.
S30 Basketry plants. (V10/1).
S22 Basketry willows. (V6/1).
S11 Berberis spp. – Barberries. (V3/2).
S05 Betula pendula – Silver birch. (V2/1).
S41 Calycanthus – American allspice. (V11/3).
S27 Caragana arborescens – Siberian pea tree. (V8/4).
S42 Carpobrotus edulis – Hottentot fig. (V11/4).
S38 Cork & cork oaks. (V11/2).
S07 Edible tree saps. (V2/3).
S17 Elaeagnus species. (V4/3).
S33 Eleutherococcus senticosus – Siberian ginseng. (V10/2).
S47 Fibre sources from bark. (V13/3).
S31 Fragaria: Strawberry species. (V10/2).
S19 Fraxinus excelsior – Ash. (V5/2).
S06 Gaultheria species. (V2/2).
S14 Gleditsia triacanthos – Honey locust. (V3/4).
S24 Hovenia dulcis – Japanese raisin tree. (V8/1).
S03 Juniper. (V1/3).
S34 Juniperus: The junipers. (V10/3).
S46 Lime bast cordage. (V13/3).
S44 Metasequioa glyptostroboides – dawn redwood (V12/4).
S18 Mycorrhizas. (V4/4).
S21 Myrica species – Bayberries. (V6/1).
S20 Panax spp. – Ginseng. (V5/3).
S12 Phormium tenax – New Zealand flax. (V3/2).
S28 Populus: The poplars (V 8/4).
S40 Pueraria lobata – Kudzu. (V11/3).
S26 Rhus species – the Sumachs. (V8/2).
S08 Robinia pseudoacacia – Black locust. (V2/3).
S39 Sequioa: The North American Redwoods (V11/2).
S16 Soap plants. (V4/3).
S13 Sorbus aucuparia – Rowan. (V3/2).
S35 Strawberries. (V10/3).
S10 Sycamore. (V3/1).
S43 Taxus – the yews (V12/2).
S15 Taxus baccata – Yew. (V4/2).
S04 Tilia cordata – Small leaved lime. (V1/4).
S23 Tilia platyphyllos – Large leaved lime. (V6/2).
S09 Ulmus glabra – Wych elm. (V2/4).
S45 Urtica dioica – the nettle. (V13/3).
S36 Viburnums. (V10/4).
S29 Vitex agnus castus – Chaste tree. (V9/2).
S01 Zanthoxylum spp. – temperate pepper trees. (V1/1).

Showing 1–12 of 65 products

  • Factsheet S01: Zanthoxylum spp. – temperate pepper trees


    Zanthoxylum species are some of the finest spice plants which can be cultivated in temperate climates. Known by some as the prickly ash family (after an American specie), they are better known as pepper trees in Asia, where they are widely cultivated as a spice crop, both commercially and in home gardens.

  • Factsheet S02: Alder – Alnus glutinosa


    The alder is a deciduous tree of conical habit, usually growing to about 50 ft (15 m), exceptionally to 85 ft (25 m). Its natural range is throughout Europe to Siberia, to western Asia and north Africa; it is found in throughout Britain up to an altitude of 1600 ft (500 m). Alders naturally grow wherever the soil is predominantly damp, by rivers and streamsides, marsh areas etc and quickly colonise damp sites. It is a light-demanding pioneer tree which is usually followed by later successional species; it frequently occurs in mixtues with ash, hazel and birches.

  • Factsheet S03: Juniper


    Juniper (Juniperus communis) is a very variable evergreen species of the family Cupressaceae, native to many parts of the Northern hemisphere from the mountains of Northern Africa to the Arctic, in Europe, North America and Asia. In Britain it is found mainly in Scotland and Northern England (in Birch and Pine woods) and in South Eastern England. It is most often found in the wild in areas of chalk and limestone, and also on acid soils in mountainous areas.

  • Factsheet S04: Small leaved lime – Tilia cordata


    The small leaved lime is a large tree with a spreading crown, growing to over 30m (100 ft), native to Europe including most of England and Wales. It is a woodland tree, often associated with ash, birches, field maple, hazel, English oak, wild cherry, wych elm and hornbeam. It is a very long-lived tree, with a normal span of 200-300 years; coppice stools may live much longer (see below). It is quite wind-firm and occasionally produces suckers.

  • Factsheet S05: Silver birch – Betula pendula


    The silver birch is native to Europe and Asia, forming large colonies in the north of its range in Finland and Russia. It is an extremely hardy pioneer tree, growing farther north towards the arctic and higher up mountains than most other trees; it is hardy in zone 2 (-45°C, -50°F). It is found growing in light woods, clearings, on mountain slopes and rocky areas; it is often found growing on acid infertile soils. Natural regeneration is usually vigorous and huge quantities of seed are regularly produced. In Britain it forms 12% of the existing broadleaved high forest.

  • Factsheet S06: Gaultheria species


    There are some 200 species in the genus Gaultheria, originating from North and South America, Japan to India, Australia and New Zealand. Many of these evergreen shrubs have potential uses: many (if not all) have edible fruit; some have medicinal uses and are a source of oil of wintergreen; and many are excellent ground cover plants. This article describes the characteristics and uses of all Gaultheria species which are recorded as useful in some way.

  • Factsheet S07: Edible tree saps


    Tree saps have long been used as a source of sweeteners, sugar, syrup, and fermented into beer, wine and other alcoholic drinks. Only comparatively recently (within the last 100 years), tapping trees for their sap production was a common practice by small-scale farmers and tappers specialising in sap production. Very often these small-scale producers also processed the sap into saleable products (syrup, wine etc.)

  • Factsheet S08: Black locust – Robinia pseudoacacia


    Robinia pseudoacacia was called 'locust' by early settlers in New England, who likened it to the biblical locust. It is also called the False acacia, Common acacia, Yellow acacia, and Golden oak.

  • Factsheet S09: Wych elm – Ulmus glabra


    The wych elm is a large tree up to 40 m (130 ft) high with a trunk of up to 2m (6 ft) in diameter, originating from most of Europe from the Black sea to the Baltic; it is hardy to zone 4/5 (-25°C, -13°F). In Britain it is now the most common of the elms since Dutch Elm Disease (DED) decimated the population of English and hybrid elms in the 1970's and 80's. It is mainly a woodland tree, also found in hedges and near streams. It is most common in the west and north of Britain.

  • Factsheet S10: Sycamore


    Sycamore (also called Sycamore maple, Mock plane & Great maple), Acer pseudoplatanus, is native to mountains in southern and central Europe, extending northwards to Paris and east to the Caucasus. Its time of introduction is uncertain – possibly from Roman times or later up to the 16th century. It has only become properly established and naturalised in the last 200 years. Sycamore makes up 3% of the total forest area (9% of the broadleaved forest area) in Britain, including a significant area of coppice. It is also a major constituent of hedgerows and parklands. It is one of the few introduced species which has not only become naturalised but is also spreading, especially in the lowlands. It is continuing to spread particularly in lowland ash forests and chalk beechwoods. It is most common in the north and west of Britain.

  • Factsheet S11: Barberries (Berberis spp.)


    The barberries (Berberis spp) are a group of evergreen and deciduous thorny shrubs, with some 450 species in Europe, N.Africa, N. & S.America and Asia. They are found wild in or by light woodlands. Most are small or large shrubs up to 3 m (10 ft) high.
    General characteristics are: wood and inner bark is yellow; leaves, often with spiny margins, are borne in clusters, and on long shoots often develop 3-parted thorns; flowers, often borne in profusion in spring or summer, are normally yellow or orange, and pollinated by insects, some by bees; fruits are richly-coloured berries, sometimes persisting into winter, with 1 or more small seeds (seed counts vary, but typically there are 60-80,000 seeds per Kg). Fruits mostly ripen in late summer – September onwards. Many of the deciduous species have brightly coloured autumn leaves.

  • Factsheet S12: New Zealand flax – Phormium tenax


    New Zealand flax, Phormium tenax, is a large evergreen perennial, usually treated as a shrub although it is not strictly woody. It is quite unrelated to true flax, being part of the Agave family, but can supply a fibre of great versatility and value, hence its name and the alternative, New Zealand hemp (the Maori name is Harakeke). It is native to New Zealand and other nearby islands, but is quite at home in Britain and Ireland, particularly in coastal areas, where it has naturalised in places. It is winter hardy to at least -11°C.